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Why the weight gain when you quit meth?


mdfaz
alea
Why weight gain when you quit meth?
Okay, I got clean 19 months ago and I used methamphetamine for 17 years, up my nose, everyday, including weekends and holidays. I use to weigh 115 pounds and I am 5'1". NOW I weigh 168 lbs. OMG! Okay I have maxed this weight for the last 6 months sooo I don't think (heheh) I'm going to get any bigger. My sponsor says that I'm healthy now BUT huh? I don't feel like I am physically. I mean I never thought I would want to try a size 16 pants okay. OMG help me figure this out.
le
grumps
Re: Why weight gain when you quit meth?
I know EXACTLY how you feel, I am going through the same exact thing. There is actually another post about this (sort of), I'll try to link it for you.

The weight gain is probably due to your body being in starvation mode for so long that your body is now storing fat in anticipation of another starvation period. It may not be the only thing going on, but for getting off of meth, I think it's at the core of it.

Also, your metabolism gets completely out of whack after prolonged meth use. So, you are now living with a much slower metabolism, PLUS eating more, PLUS your body storing more fat because it's expecting another food deficit.

A healthy diet and exercise is really the way to manage your weight and improve your metabolism.

TRUST ME, you don't want to wait and "see" if you lose the weight... because in my case I waited until I had gained 110 lbs before finally admitting that my body is not the same as it was before. I am just now beginning an exercise routine. I'd consider myself lucky if i lost 60 of those pounds, and I'd be ecstatic if I lost 80.

Congrats on the clean time! Try not to sweat what you weigh or what size you wear... focus on self acceptance and doing the things that in the end, will have you feeling good on the inside.

As it is, it's often the same kinds of things that have you looking healthier, too.
Loraura Re: Why weight gain when you quit meth?
Metabolism, Weight Gain and Recovery from Meth

Recovering from active meth addiction presents some special challenges, one of those being unwanted weight gain. Before understanding some specific weight problems related to meth use, we need to have a good understanding of how our metabolism works in general.

How does the human metabolism work?
Metabolism is a big word that means the rate at which the body uses energy.

We eat, taking in calories, which are broken down and used for energy. When there is a surplus, the body will store it as fat. In order to use up that stored fat for energy, we must eat fewer calories than our bodies require for the energy we use.

We could accomplish this by reducing calories, or increasing the amount of energy used. Or both. It looks simple. But it’s not. If we only ate for energy, this would probably be rather easy. However, we generally eat for many more reasons than simple energy needs.

Eating for Nutrients
Our bodies use specific amino acids found in certain foods for a variety of purposes. For example, we need protein in order to make dopamine (a brain chemical that governs our moods and energy levels, which is destroyed while using meth). If we don’t eat enough protein, our bodies will begin breaking down our own muscle tissue. This often happens when people forget to eat because they are high on meth. During this time, more protein is lost than what is replaced. This imbalance causes a gradual loss in lean muscle. This causes a big problem.

You see, lean muscle burns up to 20 times more calories than the same amount of weight in fat. For example: a 200 pound body builder, who has lots of lean muscle and barely any body fat, burns more calories just sitting on the couch watching Oprah than a different 200 pound person, who has much less lean muscle mass, but carries around 60 pounds of fat with them. Fat doesn’t burn any calories. Muscle does. These two people can weigh the exact same weight, and have drastically different metabolisms. That means they would have to eat and exercise very differently if they wanted to maintain or lose weight.

This is worth repeating: If we deprive ourselves of the protein our bodies need, the body will break down lean muscle mass, which results in a slower metabolism. This means that it is even harder to burn off the fat, and we would require even less calories or even more exercise to maintain our weight.

On the other hand, adding a few extra pounds of lean muscle can increase metabolic rate by up to 200 calories per day.

This is of particular importance to someone who is in recovery from meth addiction. Many meth users have spent weeks and months at a time depriving their bodies of enough calories and protein to function. During that time, the body had no choice but to break down existing lean muscle mass and use up stored fat. Now that they have stopped using, they have much less muscle than before, which means that their metabolism is much slower than before. If they ate the same things they did before they used without gaining weight, they would now gain weight. They would have to eat less (or exercise more) to achieve the same results. They would have to eat A LOT LESS (or exercise A LOT MORE), to lose weight.

Increasing exercise is especially challenging for recovering meth addicts, because movement relies on dopamine which is generally in short supply in early recovery.

Eating less wouldn’t be so hard if the recovering addict’s body wasn’t deprived of vital nutrients, causing the brain to send out messages to FEED ME!!! FEED ME!!!

Our bodies experience cravings to satisfy nutritional needs as well as in response to chemical reactions in the brain. This is a survival tactic. It’s supposed to work this way. Let me explain:


Sometimes we eat because we have a craving. Some cravings are just a result of our bodies telling us that we need something. Maybe we need sodium, so we crave salty foods. Maybe we are low on energy and crave quickly-converted carbohydrates. Perhaps our blood sugar has dropped too low, and we crave sugar to fix the problem. These cravings have kept us humans alive by subconsciously telling us to eat what we need.

Recovering meth addicts face a particularly hard battle with weight gain because on one hand, they need much less calories now than before. On the other hand, they need nutrients so their brain tells them to eat!

Mixed Signals
For many people, craving signals can be confusing. For example: almost every one of us will experience cravings for unknown foods, which tend to be hard to satisfy (resulting in continuous trips to the fridge) because we have confused the feelings of thirst with that of hunger. We feel like we are missing something… so we keep eating… but what we actually needed was water. Eventually we will either get enough water out of the foods we ate to make the craving subside, or the discomfort of being too full will outweigh the craving for water, and we will stop eating. However, by overeating, instead of drinking, we took in way more calories than we can use. This translates into stored fat.

As a “double whammy” over 70% of bodily functions take place in water - not enough water causes all our systems to slow down. We want to speed things up, not slow them down!

A recovering meth addict also dehydrated their body while they were using. Re-hydration is very important in beginning to repair the damage done to the metabolism.

Sometimes people eat because it makes them feel better. This is due to the chemical reactions that occur when we eat certain foods. Sugar and carbohydrates cause dopamine to release in the brain, which elevates mood. People who have learned to connect eating sweets and carbs with feeling better can easily fall into the habit of eating to cope with a feeling they don’t like, rather than eating to provide the body with nutrients or calories for energy.

Foods are a drug when it comes down to it. Food can be abused just like drugs can.

Many chemical reactions occur when we eat. Another example: when our tummies are full, our bodies send signals to the brain to stop eating. Those signals are accomplished by the brain chemical Serotonin being released in the brain. Unfortunately, serotonin is also partly responsible for a general feeling of wellness. Low serotonin levels are associated with depression.

So eating until you are full increases serotonin levels, which decreases feelings of depression. One can easily make a habit of overeating to make up for feeling low.

Eating to overcome neurotransmitter imbalances tends to result in a marked increase in calorie intake. Without increasing activity and lean muscle mass, our bodies have no choice but to store the extra calories as fat. In addition, we’ve stuffed ourselves with food we don’t need, leaving no room for food we DO NEED, causing our bodies to lose more lean muscle mass and decrease our metabolisms even further. It’s like a snowball rolling down hill. As the cycle continues, it gets exponentially worse.

Recovering meth addicts suffer from notably low dopamine levels. The brain will naturally attempt to get a dopamine release just to feel normal. This results in sugar and carbohydrate cravings. Just when what they really needed was protein, the brain tells them to seek out sugar! Very frustrating, indeed.

How often you eat has a big impact on your metabolism. The longer you go between meals the more your metabolism slows down to conserve energy and the more likely the body will break down it's own lean muscle mass. So if you haven’t eaten in days, your metabolism is at an all time low. This means when you DO eat, you will not be able to use all those calories for energy because your body is still in the mode to conserve energy. This translates to stored fat. AGAIN!!

Eating smaller, more frequent meals assures your body that food is readily available, and there is no need to conserve energy. This raises your metabolism. Eating 4 smaller meals, rather than 3 larger ones, is much more conducive to weight loss.

An active meth addict who rarely eats is forcing their metabolism to slow to a crawl. It takes time for the body to adjust to being fed regularly again, and even then, there is still less lean muscle mass to use those calories.

Unfortunately, eating nothing but low calorie, low fat products doesn’t work very well. Our bodies need a certain amount of fat in order to be healthy. For example, hormone production is reliant on at least a little bit of fat in the diet. Low-fat diets tend to result in poor hormone production, which leads to a slower metabolism. We don’t want that again!

While the metabolism does slow some due to aging, most of what we notice is actually due to a reduction in physical activity and lean muscle mass. Think about how active you were in high school, or shortly after. Always running around, lots of walking places, maybe sports or dancing on a regular basis. Fast forward 10 or 20 years, throw a few kids in the mix, and there is probably a whole lot less physical activity happening, and a whole lot more Oprah watching going on.

Physical activity and lean muscle mass have a much bigger impact on metabolism than aging.

So what do I do now?
Well, here is my “Top 10 List” of suggestions to address a slow metabolism, weather meth induced, or otherwise:

10. Increase physical activity. Just walking 45 minutes a day will burn more calories and build lean muscle mass.

9. Drink plenty of water. This increases metabolism and reduces the chances of a thirst craving being misinterpreted as a hunger craving. No, Cokes and Coffee are not water substitutes…. In fact, caffeinated drinks will dehydrate you and often have too much sodium.

8. Speaking of sodium…. lay off the salt! Sodium is one of the most common appetite increasers!

7. Plan regular balanced meals that provide the nutrients we need. A multi vitamin couldn’t hurt. Break 3 meals into 4 smaller meals.

6. Do not skip meals. Yes, breakfast really is a meal.

5. Don’t allow yourself to get so hungry that you make poor food choices.

4. Don’t eat until you are stuffed. Our bodies take some time to communicate to our brains that we are full. Give it that time!

3. Keep a diary of what you eat. Make special notes if you eat something and realize later that it was a coping mechanism. Write it down if you were feeling bored, or lonely, or stressed, or upset when you made a bad food choice. Therapy or self-help books can help you deal with these “food issues”, by helping you learn new, positive ways to cope with those feelings. Just like with drug use, abstaining from coco-crispies is not recovery from eating as a coping mechanism!

2. Build lean muscle mass. Very simple exercises that can be done in the home without buying any equipment or weights are quite effective. Do some arm curls with an empty milk jug filled with water or sand. Stand on your tippy-toes for 5 minutes. Lift that basket of laundry up and down 10 times before hiding it behind the couch!

1. Give it time. If your metabolism has been slowed due to meth abuse or crash dieting, it will take time for your body to recover and “believe you” that you won’t starve yourself of nutrients or calories again

 
Rescue Re: Why weight gain when you quit meth?
I knew ahead of time weight gain would come when meth left and being a former truck driver already had me in a jam of sorts-confined and less physically fit and active. My friend made my stubborn-headed self go see a doctor, as I have had no regular doctor because I am a hard-headed man (I am working on changing the hard headedness). Without seeing a doctor first and seeing how physically sound you are and how tolerant your body will be to exercise and what kind of exercise, cutting back on junk food, eating smaller and more frequent high-protein meals, and a good water intake are good places to start.

My doctor has guided me into proper diet and exercise and it does help, just not overnight. I am a somewhat vain man and I hate any extra weight but I'll cope following the doctors advice until my body is able to shed the weight. At least it beats drug use hands down. Good luck and God Bless.
mdfaz
alea
Re: Why weight gain when you quit meth?
THANK YOU SOOOOOOOOOO MUCH Loraura and le grumps. I am now printing out what you guys said to me because this forum goes by so fast that this info will be gone by tomorrow.

You know I don't feel fat and I don't feel ugly. I actually feel beautiful and it's my mother and my brother and ya know the people who aren't use to looking at me like this sooo I just want to lose 40 lbs. No biggie I know I can do it. I quit using...I go work 2 jobs. what the heck...Thank you for the info and pats on the back!!!!!
lax2 Re: Why weight gain when you quit meth?
Did they like it better when you were all skinny and tweaked out?
Loraura Re: Why weight gain when you quit meth?
You can find the article i posted above, and others that I have written here:

www.kci.org/meth_info/res.../index.htm

You can bookmark that link so you don't lose the info as posts here get older.

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